In the teaching and learning, collaboration enables learners to work together to achieve common goals and solve problems. It promotes active learning through a community approach. Within the collaboration pedagogy there are four different types of learning: collaborative; cooperative; connected; and social learning. For the purposes of this project we are focusing on digital tools that can support the following types of learning:
Collaborative learning is embedded in the constructivist theory where learners are able to share ideas and coordinate themselves in an attempt to solve a problem and/or construct common knowledge. Central to collaborative learning is a robust discussion that needs to be exchanged synchronously in a space where it creates positive social interdependence where users provide reciprocal feedback, challenge and encourage each other and together reflect on progress and process.